The occurrence of cerebral palsy in India is approximately 1 in every 500 live childbirths. Nearly 25-20% of total physically handicapped children in India suffer with Cerebral Palsy. Disabled children are of great concern to a family as well as to the society. When disability is discussed, particularly in children, about a quarter of chronic childhood problems are neurological in origin but causes significant orthopedic deformity which greatly impacts their overall mobility. Cerebral Palsy (CP) is the leading cause of chronic disability in children, making them physically and mentally handicapped and socially aloof. At the beginning, when the child is first diagnosed with cerebral palsy can be devastating for the parents and the immediate family members. The uncertainty and fear about the future of the child and the socio-economic impact it brings can be daunting to any parents.
However, with modern medical management and therapeutic interventions, a child’s challenges can be eased to a great extent. Among the many forms of CP that affects both the physical and cognitive capabilities of a child, some salient physical characteristics remains largely common e.g. Spasticity, Lever Arm Dysfunction, Muscular Incoordination etc. Fortunately, with the modern marvel of medical science, both Non-surgical intervention and surgical methods on deformity correction are promising and immensely beneficial for the children with Cerebral Palsy.
The parents mostly confuse on which kind of surgical intervention should they opt for and most importantly when to opt for it. Time plays a crucial role and can decide the overall functional mobility of the child in future. We have seen too many instances where a wrong choice of treatment procedure or the wrong timing has made things worse and a child, who was otherwise a potentially independent walker, became a completely non walker. Choosing a wrong time to perform a deformity correction surgery is like doing a well intentioned harm to the child. Our experts have made a comprehensive guidelines for the parents who wants to decide about the treatment options available to their child and understand the exact pathway they should follow to obtain maximum results from the medical and therapeutic intervention.
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